Epidemiology of traumatic orthopaedic injuries at Princess Marina Hospital, Botswana

  • Editorial Office
  • M E Manwana
  • G G Mokone University of Botswana
  • M Kebaetse University of Botswana
  • T Young Stellenbosch University
Keywords traumatic orthopaedic injuries, descriptive study


Background: Traumatic injuries pose a significant and increasing challenge to healthcare systems worldwide. One major type of traumatic injury is the traumatic orthopaedic injury, whose epidemiology is unknown in Botswana. The aim of the study, therefore, was to evaluate the age, sex, type, and determinants of traumatic orthopaedic injuries for inpatients at Princess Marina Hospital from August 2014 to January 2015.
Methods: We performed a descriptive study by retrospectively collecting data on age, sex, date of admission, date of injury, date of discharge, radiological investigation, and injury types and determinants from medical records of patients admitted to orthopaedic wards.
Results: The median age of patients with traumatic orthopaedic injuries was 33.5 years (n=372). Males were more frequently injured than females, with a sex ratio of 7:3. Fractures were the most common type of traumatic orthopaedic injury (413 injuries, 75.5%). The most common injury determinants were falls (145 patients/39.0%), road traffic accidents (95 patients/25.5%), and assaults (57 patients/15.3%).
Conclusions: Young adult males were the group most affected by traumatic orthopaedic injuries. Fractures were the most common type of traumatic orthopaedic injuries, with falls being the most common injury determinant. These findings may guide efforts to improve healthcare delivery and public health policy.
Level of evidence: Level 4

Author Biographies

M E Manwana

Division of Community Health

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

Stellenbosch University

Cape Town; and

Medical doctor


Marina Hospital

Ministry of Health


G G Mokone, University of Botswana

Senior Lecturer and Exercise Physiologist

Faculty of Medicine

University of Botswana

M Kebaetse, University of Botswana

Senior Lecturer and Rehabilitation Scientist

Faculty of Medicine

University of Botswana

T Young, Stellenbosch University


Centre for Evidence-based Health Care

Stellenbosch University

Cape Town

How to Cite
OFFICE, Editorial et al. Epidemiology of traumatic orthopaedic injuries at Princess Marina Hospital, Botswana. South African Orthopaedic Journal, [S.l.], p. 41-46, may 2018. ISSN 2309-8309. Available at: <http://journal.saoa.org.za/index.php/saoj/article/view/230>. Date accessed: 24 jan. 2019.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.